Hunting News

11,872 turkeys harvested during spring season

11,872 turkeys harvested during spring season

By Ohio Department of Natural Resources

Ohio wild turkey hunters harvested 11,872 birds during the spring season that ended May 29. The statewide harvest represents 30 days of hunting in two zones between April 23 and May 29 and includes the 1,103 wild turkeys taken during the youth season April 9-10.

The three-year harvest average (2019, 2020, and 2021) for the spring season is 17,173 wild turkeys. During the 2021 season, the number checked was 14,546. New in the spring 2022 season, hunters could only harvest one bearded turkey. In previous seasons, dating back to 1992, the season limit was two bearded turkeys. In 2021, there were 1,824 hunters who harvested a second turkey.

All hunters were required to check in their harvest using the game-check system. The top 10 counties for wild turkey harvest during the 2022 season: Ashtabula (348), Tuscarawas (338), Belmont (314), Guernsey (312), Columbiana (309), Harrison (299), Muskingum (298), Trumbull (295), Jefferson (292) and Gallia (280).

Ohio has two zones for spring wild turkey hunting: the south zone and the northeast zone. The northeast zone includes Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake and Trumbull counties, while the south zone covers the rest of the state. In the south zone, 11,030 turkeys were harvested, with 840 turkeys checked in the northeast zone.

Adult male turkeys (gobblers) made up 74% of the total 2022 harvest with 8,791 turkeys taken. Following strong summer brood results in 2021, biologists expected a high proportion of immature birds (jakes) in the harvest this year. Hunters checked 2,950 juvenile male turkeys in 2022, representing 25% of the harvest, compared to 2,397, or 16% of the harvest, in the 2021 season.

There were also 131 bearded female turkeys (hens) checked. The Division of Wildlife sold and distributed 48,815 wild turkey permits during the spring hunting season.

Declining wild turkey harvests, a result of lower wild turkey numbers, have been a long-term trend since 2001. Population declines have been noted in many other eastern states. Several factors play a role in fluctuating turkey populations, including weather events, predation, disease and hatch productivity. The Division of Wildlife is taking conservation measures to reduce the wild turkey harvest while ongoing research looks closely at Ohio’s population.

The Division of Wildlife began an extensive program in the 1950s to reintroduce wild turkeys to the Buckeye State. Ohio’s first modern day wild turkey season opened in 1966 in nine counties, and hunters checked 12 birds. The total number of harvested turkeys topped 1,000 for the first time in 1984. Turkey hunting was opened statewide in 2000. The record Ohio wild turkey harvest was in 2001, when hunters checked 26,156 birds.

Each summer, the Division of Wildlife conducts a turkey brood survey to estimate population changes and remains vigilant in monitoring Ohio’s wild turkeys. Young turkeys will be tracked closely in the coming years. The brood survey is largely based on public reports. The Division of Wildlife encourages people to submit observations of young turkeys during July and August at wildohio.gov.

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