From the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
-- Hunters are advised that after Chronic Wasting Disease was detected in Virginia in 2009, special carcass transportation regulations became effective, and whole deer harvested in Virginia may not be transported into West Virginia.
Hunters who harvest deer in Virginia may bring into West Virginia only the meat from which all bones have been removed, the cape, antlers or antlers and skull plate from which all meat or tissue has been removed, cervid canines and finished taxidermy heads.
CWD, a neurological disease found in deer and elk, belongs to a family of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. The disease is thought to be caused by abnormal, proteinaceous particles called prions that slowly attack the brain of infected deer and elk, causing the animals to progressively become emaciated, display abnormal behavior and invariably results in the death of the infected animal. There is no known treatment for CWD.
It is important to note there is no evidence to suggest CWD poses a risk for humans or domestic animals.
The discovery of CWD in Hampshire County, W. Va., in 2005 represents a significant threat to the state's white-tailed deer. While the disease does not cause an immediate widespread die-off of deer, if allowed to spread CWD could cause long term damage to the herd.
Because of the ramifications CWD may have on the state's white-tailed deer resource, the DNR implemented appropriate actions as described in its CWD Incident Response Plan. Part of the plan includes prohibiting hunters from bringing in whole animals and certain tissues from areas known to have positive cases of CWD.